Federal Seed Act Guarantees Accurate Labeling
When it comes to selecting seeds, you have an ally the Federal Seed Act. First enacted in 1939 and amended five times since, the Seed Act requires seed sellers to provide consumers with valuable information on the seeds labels.
Under the law, the label must tell you:
- The name of the grass variety .
- Its purity, that is, the weight by percentage of each type of seed.
- Germination percentage. The percentage of the seeds that you can expect to germinate. This is not a number the seed companies can fudge. The federal government expects seed producers to run regular germination tests and keep careful records.
- Weed seed percentage. Look for a seed that has less than 0.5 percent weeds.
Planting Your Florida Lawn
If you’re starting from scratch, there are basically two ways to establish a new lawn: with seeds, or with existing grass . While starting with seed is significantly less expensive, it can also be more difficult . Laying sod, large “sheets” of grass, can give you an instant lawn, but it can be expensive. Your method will also depend on the type of turfgrass you choose, as some types can only be laid as seed, and others only as sod or plugs.
Keeping Your Lawn Beautiful
Like your body, your car and your relationships, your lawn requires a certain amount of maintenance to keep it ticking along. Use correctly balanced lawn fertiliser during the active growing season and remember that frequent light fertilising is always better than a heavy, once-in-a-blue-moon approach.
Dont be tempted to cut a newly seeded lawn too soon. The rule for a healthy lawn is to mow frequently and not too deeply.
Many people cut their grass way too low, completely scalping the leaf blades that are essential to the health of the plant. Dont be tempted to cut a newly seeded lawn too soon, but once your lawn is established, it can be cut to 2.5cm for warm season grasses and 4cm for cold season grasses. The rule for a healthy lawn is to mow frequently and not too deeply.
Check the water restrictions in your area so youre not doing the wrong thing when it comes to watering your lawn. The key to effective lawn watering is to water in the morning and provide deep, thorough and occasional soakings rather than a lot of quick sprays that dont reach the roots.
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Mowing A New Lawn: Be Gentle
Be careful with the lawnmower the first few times your new turfgrass is mowed. The roots will not be long or well-established, so it will be easy to accidentally rip up the young plants. Sharpen the mowers blade, so you cut, not tear the tender plants. Try to start the mower on a flat surface away from the lawn, and minimize the number of turns you make with the mower. Abide by the rule of , which is to never remove more than a third of a grass plant in one mow.
Once you have mowed at least once, cut back on your frequent shallow watering, and switch to watering a couple of times a week, deeply. Get water down to six or eight inches deep to encourage your new lawn to root deeply. Once established the lawn will start spreading to cover any gaps.
After about six to eight weeks, your lawn should be well-established. Hit it with a little more fertilizer to encourage deep roots, and take down your keep off the new lawn signs. Your new lawn is ready for you.
How To Germinate Grass Seed
You can generally toss grass seed out into your yard or soil and pray for divine intervention. A great deal of seeds will probably germinate and grow independently. Yet, there is a great deal you can do to further develop the germination rate so you dont squander cash or seed. Youll get the best yard for the dollars you spend.
- Prepare the soil. If you are starting a new lawn, till the soil four to six inches deep and lightly rake it until it is smooth.
- Sow the seeds at the right time of year.
- Water your grass seed frequently to keep the soil moist until the seed is well-established.
- If necessary, cover the seed with a light layer of scattered straw or screening to keep the seeds from being eaten or blown away.
- Monitor your lawn carefully until it is established and strong.
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How To Sow Grass
You can sow grass seed by hand by simply scattering it, or by using a handheld spreader – please contact your manufacturer to calibrate the correct setting that matches the spreading rate of the seed. For sowing a new lawn, we recommend sowing the seed at 50g per m2. For overseeding an existing lawn, we recommend sowing at 35g per m2.
Sowing a new lawn
- Dig the soil over to a depth of 20-25cm
- Remove weeds by hand or use a weed killer
- Add top soil if you believe the soil to be poor quality
- Rake the area to get a level seedbed
- Sow the seed at our recommended rate of 50g per m2, by using a seed spreader or your hand
- Rake the seed in after sowing so that the seed is in amongst the soil
- Firm down by foot or by using a roller to improve seed to soil contact
Overseeding an existing lawn
Varieties Of Bahia Grass
Below are a few popular bahiagrass cultivars:
- ‘Pensacola’ bahiagrass: This variety sports thin leaves and an extensive, deep root system that gives it extra heat and cold tolerance. It is more winter-hardy than other varieties.
- ‘Argentine’ bahiagrass: Featuring darker green blades than other varieties, this type of bahia is often chosen for aesthetic reasons.
- ‘Sand Mountain’ bahiagrass: With its narrow blades and cold hardy nature, ‘Sand Mountain’ grows better than other varieties in the northernmost areas of the accepted growing zones for this grass.
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A Applying Grass Seed By Hand
5a.1) To help you apply the seed by hand evenly, divide the lawn up into smaller sections e.g into quarters.You can do this by eye or by using string As you become more familiar with the process you may choose not to divide the area up or divide the area into larger sections e.g. in half not quarters
5a.2) Weight out the amount of product you need and split it evenly between the sections you divided your lawn intoExample : If you split your 70m² lawn into quarters split the 2.5kg of product into 4 even amounts, one for each sectionEvenly spread the product across each lawn section.TIP: If you are unsure, spread the product lightly across each section doing two passes one in each direction for even application.
How Often To Water Grass Seed After Planting
Water newly planted grass seed daily if the weather is over 80 degrees F. Every other day is a good watering schedule if temperatures are cooler. Prior to germination, wet the top inch or so of soil. But, once the grass seed germinates and begins to grow, reduce the frequency of irrigation but water more deeply. Once your new grass is about two inches tall, reduce your watering schedule to once or twice a week, but water until the ground is wet down to a depth of about three inches.
Once grass is fully established, stop irrigation all together, unless theres a prolonged period of drought. When it comes to watering established lawns, its always better to water less frequently but very deeply. Always water lawn in the morning, if possible, to reduce the chance of fungal disease issues.
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What Are Some Of The Challenges Of Growing A Lawn In Maryland
A year-round deep green lawn is not an attainable goal in Maryland. The state is located in the transition zone . We can grow both cool-season grasses like tall fescue and warm-season grasses like zoysia but weather conditions are not favorable for either the entire year. Cool-season grasses go dormant in the summer and warm-season grasses go dormant in the fall.
Best Grass Seeds For Southern States
People living in Southern states should select a warm-season grass seed. But the variety of seed will depend on what part of the country you are in.
In the warm, humid Southeast and Gulf Coast states, the favorite seed varieties are:
- Bahiagrass seed. Coarser than any Northern grass, but it grows thick and dense and is tolerant of both heat and drought.
- Bermuda grass seed. This is a hardy but needy grass, which requires high maintenance but stands up well to heavy traffic.
- Buffalograss seed. This warm-season grass seed is the only variety native to North America, so it doesnt need much help to thrive. It is highly drought tolerant and needs little care.
- Centipede grass seed. This grass is slow to grow, but very low in maintenance once established. In climates that stay warm, it has virtually no dormant season, so it stays green year-round unless theres a cold snap.
- Zoysia grass seed. A slow grower, but one of the most cold-tolerant varieties of warm-season grasses.
Another common turfgrass choice in the Deep South, St. Augustine grass, is not commercially sold as seed, since its seedheads are sterile. It is a grass planted from sod.
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Pick The Right Time Of Year
Imagine having the perfect lawn and all the possibilities it could bring can be really exciting. But rushing into planting when the time isnt right could make it harder for your grass to get established. Like most plants, the best time to start growing grass is in the spring. A mild temperature is ideal for sowing grass seed, as it gives the lawn a chance to get established before the weather becomes too warm.
Planting in the summer when the weather is scorching hot may not be the best way to go, as it means more water is needed to hydrate the seed. However, some suggest sowing warm season grasses during this time as it gives the lawn an opportunity to begin tolerating the heat. The winter months can cause dormancy in grass seeds, so while it may be easier on you to plant when its cold , it isnt ideal for growing grass.
Water At The Right Time Of Day
Early morning watering is the best for established lawns. This allows the lawn to absorb the water into the soil before evaporation from the sun and heat in the middle of the day.
Early in the morning will also allow the grass blades to dry. If you water too late, such as in the evenings or overnight, youre inviting ideal conditions for lawn fungus and diseases.
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How To Spread Grass Seed
Make sure to spread the seed evenly by hand in small areas. For this, use a hand or lawn spreader or a mechanical seeder in large areas.
Make sure to apply +/- 16 seeds per square inch. Too many seeds too close together can cause seedlings to fight for room and nutrients. Therefore the grass may be weak or thin in these areas.
Do you love spending time in your garden? Have a look at our indepth guide on how to plant spring bulbs.
Questions? Comments? Praise? Gripes? Wed love to hear from you. Let us know!
Watering New Grass Seeds
The best advice for watering new grass seed is simple. Since you only get one chance to germinate seeds correctly. The right amount is very important. Not enough water will kill the sprout and too much water can leave less than ideal results.
The right amount of watering is very important. Not enough water will kill the sprout and too much water can leave less than ideal results.
All grass types need to be kept moist at all times during their establishment phase, this is to ensure there is always an ample amount of moisture in the soil. This ensures the greatest, and only chance of survival and establishment of the new grass seedlings.
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How To Plant Grass Seed On Existing Lawn
To plant grass seed on an existing lawn, you need a lot of investment and time. To maintain a good-looking lawn, you need to do a lot of activities. Plus, summer and scorching days come with numerous tasks.
Maintaining a lush green lawn, fertilizing, and mowing can be difficult in such a schedule.
While growing grass in the late summer and early fall can be more suitable for a healthy lawn. Also, it can be the right time to over-seed the existing lawn. In this article, we will be talking about the tips for growing grass from seed.
Grass Seed Growth Timing The Verdict
How long it takes for grass to grow will depend on the factors mentioned above. As a general rule, you will begin seeing results in about two weeks. But it can take up to a month to have grass become fully established.
If you are looking for a service to plant your new lawn for you check out the expert reviews on House Method before you hire.
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Plan Your Seeding Time
The best time to seed your lawn is actually in the FALL . The Florida sun is brutal and seeding in the fall helps alleviate the heat from drying out your seed. To seed in the fall, you want to use is a mix of Argentine Bahia and Gulf Annual Ryegrass.
If youre like me and the rest of society that thinks about grass too late, heres how you do it in spring!
For the Argentine Bahia to germinate properly, seeds need temperatures to be consistently above 65 degrees including night time. The seed wont germinate and grow properly if the temperature drops below 65.
Also, note that you will need to wait about a week in between applications of Roundup and seeding so you dont kill your seeds off the bat. I told you this would be a process right?
How To Grow Lawn Grass From Seed
Lawn is the area covered with small grass. Lawn grass is maintained at homes, parks, streets etc for beauty. These are grown with sods and seeds. The best season for growing lawn is spring. Gardeners should must know that spring is the best season for planting.
Today, I am gonna guide you through seeds. Sods are also best technique but we will explain that in next article. If you wished to grow lawn then follow me in further steps.
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Test And Amend Your Soil
You have exposed and evened out the planting surface, but its not yet time to lay down the seed. For the seeding project to have the best chance of success, you need to know what kind of soil you have. So test.
Good: At a minimum, test for pH. Thats a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of your soil. Most grasses like slightly acidic soil, with a pH of 6.2 to 7.
A simple moisture and pH tester can be found for $10.
Better: Also test for the major nutrients in your soil. For around $20, you can get a kit that in addition to testing for pH, will test for the major plant-building nutrients, nitrogen, phosphorus and potash the N, P, and K numbers you see on all bags of fertilizers.
Best: Test for both major and minor nutrients. There can be more than a dozen you can test for, and which ones you test for will vary depending on the testing facility and on which micronutrients tend to be lacking in your area. For that, youll need either a fancier kit or take your soil samples to a testing lab.
There are private laboratories, and also many state extension service offices. The latter often offer low-cost or even free soil testing. Here are four very good soil tests you can buy on Amazon.
Test the soil as soon as you can. There can be a wait of up to two weeks to get test results back. If you dawdle, you could miss your ideal planting window.
Planting Grass Seed In Fall
In many climates, the best time to plant grass seed is in the autumn. The still-warm soil of late August, September, October, or November encourages optimum root growth, while the cooling air temperatures discourage excessive top growth. This is perfect for establishing lawn grasses and promoting extensive root growth. It also makes the turf more resistant to drought and better able to access nutrients in the soil. In addition, in most regions, fall also brings increased amounts of rainfall. This means you wont have to lug out the hose and sprinkler as often.
Its time to plant grass seed in the fall when nighttime temperatures drop down to about 60 degrees F. Keep an eye on the forecast. Opt for sowing grass seed when theres a day or two of rain predicted.
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