Fertilizing & Pest Management
Pests can be anything from weeds to insects to diseases. Thedriving factor behind pest management is a healthy lawn. Sick lawns get sick. Ifyour lawn is malnourished, mowed at an improper height, or given too much/toolittle water, pests will find a way into your yard.
While many homeowners see the goal of fertilizing as havinga nice looking lawn, the real goal is having a lawn that resists thepests that will make it look bad. All components of a maintenance schedulerevolve around making it extremely difficult for pests to get comfortable inyour lawn.
Insects, diseases, and weeds thrive in poor environments. Ifyou create a healthy environment, pests are unable to thrive, and your lawn getsto enjoy a solid, nutritious foundation.
However, if you follow the wrong fertilizationschedule, and try to over-fertilize in an attempt to make your lawn appear healthy,you will create a poor environment of weak growth. Poor environments breedpests, and you will constantly be fighting bugs, weeds, and fungi.
So, before you begin any maintenance schedule, make sure youare putting your effort into sustainable, healthy growth. Trying to force yourlawn to green-up before its ready, stay green longer, or grow too much duringthe summer will only create the very issues that make your lawn look unhealthy,which defeats the whole purpose.
When Should You Fertilize Your Lawn
Essentially, the perfect time to fertilize your lawn is just as it is running out of food from its last feeding which, with Jonathan Green fertilizer, means about three months after the last fertilization.
Early Spring In March or April, apply our Green-Up with Crabgrass Preventer to the lawn. This will gently feed it while helping it recover from winter and also control crabgrass before and after it germinates.
Late Spring In May; or June, apply Green Up Weed and Feed. It provides your lawn with everything it needs to grow green and strong, and controls dandelion, clover, chick weed and over 250 other kinds of broadleaf weeds.
Summer In July or August, loosen up hard soil and balance the pH level to make it optimal for grass growth. MAG-I-CAL Plus soil food is specially formulated to activate the microbial life in your soil to make the nutrients easier for grass roots to absorb.
Fall In September or October, its time to get your lawn ready to survive the winter. Winter Survival will keep your lawn fed through the winter and fend off late winter/early spring turf diseases, such as pink or gray snow mold.
If you have questions about the best time to fertilize a lawn, before or after rain, visit Jonathan Green online or contact your nearest independent hardware or home and garden store where you will always get valuable lawn care advice.
What Month Are You Suppose To Fertilize The Grass
As the weather warms up, we all look forward to getting outside and enjoying time in our yards. Of course, we want our grass to be healthy and green, so applying lawn fertilizer at the right time is required. For most locations, that means giving your yard a good feeding between February and April followed by additional feedings in late spring, summer and fall to encourage healthy growth.
Apply lawn fertilizer in early spring when your grass starts to actively grow and follow up with additional fertilizer in late spring, summer and fall.
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How Much Should I Apply
Were almost done, but while this answer is straightforward, it also requires math! Turfgrass researchers from UF/IFAS have found that applying one pound of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer for each 1,000 square feet is the Goldilocks amount per application in Florida. Too much, and you may be setting the lawn up for problems and lead to water pollution. Too little, and you cant brag for having the greenest lawn. Here is where the math comes in.
To determine how many pounds of the fertilizer provides one pound of N, divide 100 by the N number on the bag. For example, if it is a 10-0-5 fertilizer, divide 100 by 10 , which equals 10 pounds .
The only math left is to find out how many square feet are in your lawn. You can estimate by counting your steps as you walk the lawn, or use various online mapping sites, such as Property Appraiser County GIS departments.
When broadcasting the fertilizer, apply half the amount in one direction and then the other half in a perpendicular direction for good distribution. The directions on the bag are also pretty useful for this!
Still not sure about all the details?
No problem, UF/IFAS is here to help. Much more information on lawn management, including fertilizer, can be found online at the Your Florida Lawn website, hosted by the UF/IFAS Turf Team. Your local county extension office is an email, call, or drive away to answer questions and help you with the soil testing process.
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When Should I Fertilize
This one is pretty easy to understand based on how plants grow. Fertilizers are only taken up by plants when they are actively growing. So, it makes sense that you wouldnt apply fertilizers while the lawn is dormant.
You also dont want to encourage fresh growth going into cool temperatures or before all chance of frost has passed. Fresh, young growth is especially tender, and cold snaps can cause extra stress to the turf.
Therefore, if you need to fertilize the grass, only do so once it has completely greened up and actively growing, and once we have passed the average last frost date . April is a safe time to begin for the year and you should not fertilize beyond September.
How To Mow A Bermuda Grass Lawn
Mow newly planted bermuda grass lawns once seedlings have reached 2 inches high. Once its established, youll want to maintain your bermuda grass lawn at 1 to 2 inches, a slightly shorter height than many other types of lawn grasses. Mow frequently enough that you never have to remove more than of the grass height.
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How To Fertilize A Bermuda Grass Lawn
About 4 weeks after applying the Starter Food, feed your bermuda grass lawn with Scotts® Turf Builder® Southern Lawn Food. Be sure to follow the directions on the label. Continue to fertilize every 6 to 8 weeks during the growing season, stopping when the grass naturally slows its growth in early fall.
When And How To Fertilize Your Lawn
In some ways, lawns are a lot like people. Operating at the peak of beauty and performance requires a good diet and proper care. Lush, thick, green lawns depend on properly timed, properly balanced nutrition to look and grow their best. Understanding when and how to fertilize your lawn can help you and your grass stand out from the rest.
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Zoysia Grass Lawn Care Calendar
Like all warm-season grasses, Zoysia grass thrives in heat and peaks in growth during late spring and summer months. The optimal time for major lawn care tasks is during this time of vigorous growth. As cool fall temperatures arrive, Zoysia grass slows and begins to go dormant. Your lawn care schedule slows as well. To keep your Zoysia grass lawn at its bests, always keep these natural seasonal cycles in mind.
Zoysia grows best in southern areas. The farther north you live, the greater the impact weather conditions have on Zoysia’s success and survival. If you’re unsure about typical frost cycles and cold weather extremes for your local area, contact your county extension agent for advice. Then follow this lawn care calendar for a rich, lush Zoysia grass lawn.
Weed Prevention and Fertilization
Prevent crabgrass and feed your established Zoysia lawn in early spring with Pennington UltraGreen Crabgrass Preventer Plus Fertilizer III 30-0-4. Apply this preemergent any time before weed seeds germinate, which starts when soil temperatures hit 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Wait at least four weeks after application to overseed.
Start mowing Zoysia grass as it exits dormancy. Active Zoysia growth typically starts when soil temperatures warm to about 65°F. Mow as needed to maintain Zoysia grass at the recommended grass height;of 1 to 1 1/2 inches. Never remove more than one-third of the blade in a single mowing.
Seeding and Overseeding Thin Lawns
Weed Control and Fertilization
Should You Fertilize Before Or After Rain
Does it matter if you fertilize before a heavy rain? Yes, it does. This is not a good time to apply fertilizer because a heavy rainfall could wash away the fertilizer before it has an opportunity to break down and be absorbed. This is especially true on steep slopes.; If you would rather not waste your time and the money youve invested, its best to fertilize when no rainfall is expected for two days, or spread the fertilizer before it rains if youre anticipating only light rainfall. The light rainfall can substitute for watering in the fertilizer after application.
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Best Conditions For Applying Grub Control
At their most destructive, grubs are sitting just below the surface of the soil, happily munching on grassroots. This is why the number one most important thing to remember when applying a grub killer, whether preventative or not, is to water the solution in. This ensures the insecticide soaks into the soil instead of just sitting on top. In order to maintain the most control of the environment when applying:
- Dethatch the affected area
- Apply the grub control on relatively dry soil
- Remember this is a chemical solution always wear rubber gloves and follow the label
- Some rain in the forecast is okay, but a heavy rainfall may wash the solution away
- Water half and inch to an inch deep after applying
Before You Buy Fertilizer For Bermuda Grass
First things first, always submit a soil sample or do a pH soil test to determine the nutrient that you need in plenty. This will help you in choosing a good fertilizer for Bermuda grass in your lawn.
Read the label all the time to determine the application ratios in order to get the right amount of fertilizer to feed your lawn.
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Other Zoysia Grass Considerations
Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. Few lawn weeds penetrate established Zoysia lawns. The grass spreads by above-ground stems called stolons and underground stems called rhizomes. This thick, dense growth earns favor among warm-climate sod producers and families that use their lawns heavily for lawn games and entertaining.
During its active growing season, Zoysia typically stays light to medium green. It turns brown when winter dormancy sets in, but it stays green much longer than Bermudagrass and other warm-season grasses. Plus, Pennington Zenith Zoysia keeps its green color longer than ordinary Zoysia grasses do. Some homeowners choose to overseed Zoysia lawns in fall with cool-season ryegrass for green winter color, but others appreciate its straw-like natural hue. Come spring, Zoysia lawns are among the first warm-season lawns to green up again.
Zoysia naturally develops a deep root system, and it’s very efficient at conserving moisture and resisting drought. During short drought episodes, the grass remains green. If drought and heat persist, Zoysia will go dormant, but it greens up quickly when watered again. Zoysia prefers full sun, but it tolerates light shade unlike Bermudagrass and other sun-loving, warm-season grasses.
Apply Lawn Fertilizer In Spring
Deciding exactly when to apply lawn fertilizer depends on where you live. According to Scotts, you should apply lawn fertilizer between February and April when your grass starts to green up and begins to actively grow. Essentially, if it looks like your grass is ready for its first mowing of the season, then it’s ready for lawn fertilizer.
Giving your grass a good dose of lawn fertilizer in the spring sets the stage for a healthy growing season. It strengthens the roots and gives the grass a boost of nutrients to sustain it as it grows. The type of fertilizer you need depends on what type of grass you have and if you want to address other problems, such as weed prevention, or kill pests, like fire ants.
If you’re not sure what type of fertilizer to use, you can speak with your local garden center expert to find out what works best for your grass. Are you not sure what type of grass you have? Cut a small sample and take it with you to show the garden center expert.
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When Is The Best Time To Use Weed And Feed Fertilizers
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After the recent warm weather, I am beginning to see signs of life in my yard. I am also starting to get calls from homeowners with questions about weed and feed fertilizers, and when is the best time to apply them to the lawn. The answer depends upon the type of weed and feed fertilizer you get.
Fertilizers that contain weed killers are divided into pre-emergent and post-emergent. Pre-emergent herbicides, as the name suggests, prevent weed seeds from germinating. With pre-emergent weed killers, it is critical that the material be applied prior to weed seed germination.
The Best Time To Plant Grass Seed
When your sights are set on a thick, lush lawn, planting grass seed represents an investment of time, money, labor and hope. From seeding new lawns to repairing rough spots and renewing existing turf, proper timing separates sweet success from something less. Your best time for planting grass seed depends on the type of lawn grass you grow and where you live. Understanding your options and getting timing right helps you seize every opportunity for seeding success.
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How To Repair Patches In A Bermuda Grass Lawn
If your lawn develops brown spots or dead patches from foot traffic, insect problems, or pets, simply patch and repair them with Scotts® EZ Seed® Patch & Repair Bermudagrass. Follow these simple steps:
1. ;;;;Prepare the patch by removing weeds and dead grass and loosening the soil.
2. ;;;;Apply the EZ Seed® at the recommended rate.
3. ;;;;Gently water the repaired area until the EZ Seed® is fully saturated and does not take up any more water.
4. ;;;;Water whenever the EZ Seed® mulch starts to turn a light brown.
5. ;;Do not let kids, pets, or lawn mowers on the new grass until the seedlings are at least 2 inches tall.
After Applying Grub Killer
Once the grub control is applied, it is essential to care properly for your lawn afterward and ensure the solution gets where it needs to be. Because grubs thrive among the roots of the grass in the soil, the grub killer needs to be watered in. This makes sure that the grub killer granules reach the roots instead of just sitting on top of the grass. It is recommended to water about half an inch over the treated area right away.
It is also important to monitor your lawn for grubs or other activities during the next week or so. If the grubs dont appear to have died off, then you may need to reapply. Make sure always to read and follow the label, but it may be the case that you need a stronger dosage.
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How To Water A Bermuda Grass Lawn
A few days after the grass begins to sprout, you can reduce watering frequency to twice per day, but apply more water each time. When seedlings are about an inch tall, begin watering once per day, giving about ¼ inch of water each time. To avoid erosion and runoff, try to apply the water only as fast as the soil absorbs it. Once your lawn becomes established, you can reduce watering to twice per week, but water more deeply each time. Aim for an inch or more of water per week to encourage deep rooting. In areas such as the East, where rainfall is more plentiful, your lawn may not need regular irrigation at all. You can tell the lawn needs to be watered when it takes on a kind of grayish cast and doesnt immediately bounce back when you walk on it. ;