How Can Pesticides Be Used Safely
Pesticides can be used safely by following the label directions. The text on the label reflects the results of the scientific evaluation that the product has undergone, and explains how to further reduce any potential risks to human health or the environment.
The rate of application indicated on the label is the lowest amount to use while ensuring it is effective. Essentially, using less will not have the intended result and using more will not offer better results.
If a pesticide must be used, carefully read and follow all label instructions. Before you purchase a pesticide, ensure that you have identified the pest correctly and explored other options for controlling the pest, such as physical barriers, removing the pest’s access to food and water or using alternative products. Consult the Pest Notes series for more information on how to control common household pests.
Which Laboratories Perform Pesticide Testing
Studies are conducted by a combination of independent laboratories and registrant laboratories, and must follow internationally developed and validated test guidelines for study protocols that adhere to the principles of Good Laboratory Practice. The extensive data reporting that is required allows Health Canada scientists to conduct independent analyses of the data.
Can I Purchase Pesticides That Are Registered In The United States But Not Canada And Use Them In Canada
It is an offence under the PCPA to import, sell or use a product that is not registered in Canada. Look for the Pest Control Product registration number on the product label to ensure that the product is registered for use in Canada.
However, for the benefit of Canadian farmers, the Grower Requested Own Use program authorizes the import of the US version of a Canadian registered product, with an approved Import Certificate. The GROU products must be purchased and imported by growers for their own use on their land, and for one growing season only.
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What Should I Do If I See Pesticides Being Misused
If you believe a pesticide is not being used according to the label instructions, please contact the Pest Management Information Service at 1-800-267-6315.
If possible, please provide the type of pesticide involved, the trade name or the name of the active ingredient. The time and location of the possible offense is also important. Upon notification, Health Canada will take appropriate action.
Provincial or municipal regulating authorities can also be contacted regarding the use of pesticides related to provincial laws or municipal by-laws.
If A Pesticide Is Registered In Canada Does It Mean I Can Use It
The pesticide label outlines who can use a pesticide, and under what circumstances it can be used. Pesticides under federal regulation are organized into four distinct classes, based on where, when and by whom they may be applied:
- Domestic class products are for personal use in and around the home.
- Commercial class products are restricted to commercial activities as indicated on the label. These are not available to the general public for use in and around the home.
- Restricted products can only be used under certain circumstances by specially trained individuals. These are not available to the general public.
- Finally, manufacturing class products are used in the production of other pesticides or products regulated under the Feeds Act or Fertilizers Act.
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Environmental Impact Offertilizers And Pesticides
Unfortunately, the many advantages ofpesticide and fertilizer use are counterbalanced by problems that are directlyrelated to their toxicity. One example is that beneficial insects that helpbalance the ecosystem are often harmed or killed by pesticides that are used toprotect crops from harmful pests. The chemicals that are used in pesticides andfertilizers become runoff, which can drain into our streams and lakes,eventually contaminating our water supplies. Excess nitrogen from fertilizerrunoff can cause algae growth in rivers and lakes. Too much algae can lead tothe death of fish and other aquatic life, as excessive algae can deplete oxygenlevels in our lakes, rivers, and streams, making it impossible for fish tosurvive.
Pesticides can even adversely affect thehealth of the farmers that use them on their crops because of working soclosely with highly toxic chemicals. Pesticides can also affect those who livein large agricultural areas, as well as those who consume syntheticpesticide-treated foods. The World Health Organization estimates 1 to 5 millionpeople worldwide are affected by pesticide poisoning each year and as many as20,000 people suffer from pesticide poisoning annually.
Using Pesticides As A Last Resort
Because they are so dangerous and persistent, using pesticides should be restricted. In most cases, unless some huge infestation has eaten half the leaves of a plant, you can handle the issue with household items and manual removal. Many insects can be dissuaded or even killed with a simple at-home spray with water and a few drops of dishwashing concentrate.
There are many recipes on the internet for home-brewed bug juice with ingredients like mint, garlic, and citrus. If you must use chemicals in your garden, pay special attention to pesticide application timing and be cautious not only about your own health but also that of others and of wildlife too.
Note: Any recommendations pertaining to the use of chemicals are for informational purposes only. Chemical control should only be used as a last resort, as organic approaches are safer and more environmentally friendly.
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How To Safely Use Pesticides On Your Lawn
A person doesnt have to be very old to remember reading about the famous pesticide called DDT. It helped civilization build the Panama canal that killed so many people with Malaria that the project was nearly abandoned. Then we started using on crops, trees, around the house, and even on cattle and pets. It was everywhere and it worked great, except for one small problem. It was caused birds to lay eggs with soft shells. The higher the exposure the softer the shells, and soon, most birds would have been wiped out. So, anytime they tell you that, Its OK, this pesticide is safe you have to wonder how soon it will be banned. All things considered, one of the biggest problems with all pesticides is that they are misused and overused and that causes most of the problems. Here are some tips on using both insecticides and herbicides in and around the home.
What Is Pesticide Toxicity
Pesticide toxicity refers to a productscapacity for causing injury or illness. Pesticide toxicity is determined bytesting the active ingredients in pesticides on animals at various dosages.There are two levels of pesticide toxicity: acute and chronic. Acute toxicitydescribes a products capacity to cause injury or illness after one instance ofcoming into contact with the product. Chronic toxicity describes the effects oflong-term contact with the product.
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What Can I Expect From Grass Insecticide
You can expect effective treatment that will control and kill the pests on your lawn. However, its important to note that while it is often simple to eradicate pests once they have been correctly diagnosed, it is more difficult to prevent them from returning. The insects will sometimes lay their eggs on your lawn the following year too. It is important therefore to follow a turf maintenance program to ensure your lawn is in the best health possible, which can help to minimise risk of these issues. Your lawn manager will be happy to discuss this with you.
Why You Shouldn’t Use Pesticides In Your Lawn
Pesticide tags are quite a common sight in suburban neighborhoods. I know when walking around my neighborhood, they are on nearly every lawn, and it always surprises me that this is the case. Some of you reading this may have pesticides in use on your lawn right now. They are a fairly common form of lawn treatment, however they have a lot of negative side effects that not many know about. In many cases, they actually end up doing more harm then good. So, in this post, I wanted to summarize exactly what lawn pesticides are, what they do, and why they can be so harmful, not just to the environment, but to humans as well.
Side Note: Some of the topics discussed in this post have been briefly mentioned in other posts as well. I am creating this just to have a complete summary of all the information I have mentioned in the past.
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How Chemicals Spread In The Environment
Pesticides can reach unintended targets in any of several ways: they can be spilled into or near waterways, they can leach or percolate into water, they can be passed on from one organism to another that ingests it, they can drift with the wind when they are first sprayed, or evaporate afterwards and then drift. They can even be carried into the home on shoes.
Tracked in pesticides affect people in urban environments where agricultural pesticides are rare but lawn-care pesticides common. It doesnt seem that significant amounts could be transported by such a method, but as long ago as 1997, the EPA reported otherwise. The study, which followed several chemicals including 2,4-D, concluded that track-in on shoes is a reasonable mechanism by which lawn-applied pesticides are carried into the home.
This study found that pesticides were still being tracked in five and even six days after the pesticide was applied . Most herbicides and insecticides for lawns warn people to stay off the grass for only 24 hours after use.
In agricultural areas, water contamination is a primary concern. One extended study performed by the U.S. Geological Survey of almost fifteen hundred wells in the United States found this:
Lawn Insect Control When To Apply
If patches of your lawn look dead even though you water them regularly, you may have an insect or grub problem. Find out the best products to use to control them and when to apply them from the knowledgeable team at Jonathan Green.
Jonathan Green has been growing beautiful, dark-green lawns since 1881. We supply genetically superior cool-season grass seed and other lawn and soil care products to commercial sod growers and independent home and garden retailers in all areas of the United States where cool-season lawn grasses Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, Perennial Ryegrass, and Fine Fescues are grown.
We have also developed an environmentally sound and organic approach to lawn care called the New American Lawn Plan. By following this revolutionary plan, you will discover how to address the root of any lawn problems you have, instead of just battling the symptoms, such as insects and weeds. Our goal is to feed your lawn AND your soil to encourage your Black Beauty® lawn to thrive.
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Weed Spray Can Have Long Lasting Effects
One of the worst things that people do to combat the weeds in their yards is to apply Weed and Feed fertilizer that has the herbicide already mixed in. That way youre applying herbicide all over your entire lawn when you really only have a few dozen weeds.
The best way to apply the herbicide is to get a small spray bottle and only spray the weeds you want to kill. Your lawn will then only receive about 1% to 3% of the amount of chemicals that it would have had you broadcast sprayed or covered it with fertilizer mixed with weed killer.
Some of the weed killers have been possibly linked to hormone problems in young girls and they persist in your lawn for nearly a year. Thats something to be aware of if your children like to play in the lawn or walk with bare feet. Whenever possible, spot treat your pests whether theyre weeds or animals.
Now that you know how to deal with some of your pests, you also know what questions you should ask if youre going to hire a pest control company.
A Healthy Lawn Without Pesticides
Did you know that a healthy lawn is less vulnerable to pests, weeds, drought and other problems?
Lawn pests can be any animal, plant, or other organism that is troublesome or can cause injury. When pests become a problem, many people rely on pesticides.
Pesticides can help you control a serious pest or weed problem and get you started on your way to having a healthy lawn.
However, long-term success depends on the overall health of your lawn. Using pesticides when pest numbers do not warrant it, or using pesticides on your lawn too frequently, are not recommended practices for attaining a healthy lawn.
To have a healthy lawn:
- Consult our detailed tips on how to have a healthy lawn, developed in collaboration with provincial and territorial governments.
- Practice Integrated Pest Management.
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Other Legislative Requirements Exception
An exception to the ban for the use of Class 9 pesticides is provided for the purpose of complying with a requirement under other federal or provincial legislation. For example, a weed inspector has authority to issue an order to destroy a noxious weed, which is negatively affecting agricultural land, as listed under made under the Weed Control Act. The written order will list the weed to be controlled and the exact location to be treated. A person has the responsibility to ensure that, before he or she uses a Class 9 pesticide for this excepted use, he or she is complying with the written order. Furthermore, this exception only applies if the use of a Class 9 pesticide is the only effective and practical means of complying with the order.
Economic Advantages Offertilizers And Pesticides
The use of synthetic fertilizers andpesticides in modern day agricultural practices have numerous economicadvantages as well. Due to the use of fertilizers and pesticides, harvestyields are significantly increased each growing season, which in turn, lowersproduction costs and makes food more affordable. Plus, sufficient food can begrown to help support a consistently growing population, which keeps people healthyand productive. Synthetic fertilizers supply nutrients more efficiently anduniformly, are less expensive and can be transported more easily than organicsoil amendment alternatives. Pesticide production is a multibillion-dollarbusiness that significantly affects the US economic picture. Over 40 percent ofagricultural goods that are manufactured in the United States are exported andsold elsewhere.
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Lawn Pesticides Not Worth The Danger
I think it’s fair to say that Americans have an unhealthy obsession with their lawns. Between the herbicides and insecticides applied by commercial lawn care fleets and those bought and applied by homeowners themselves, Americans dump at least 80 million pounds of pesticides on their yards each year, much more per acre than agriculture. By this time of year, the little yellow stakes warning of a pesticide application pop up in many a public and residential lot, and the plastic-y scent of fresh chemicals can often by detected, wafting through the neighborhood.
The biologist and activist Sandra Steingraber writes a lot about “toxic trespass,” the notion that human beings are, on a daily basis, exposed to a slew of toxic chemicals, byproducts of industries near and far that contaminate our environment and enter our bodies without our consent. But in the case of lawn pesticides, we have no outside entity to blame we are poisoning ourselves and our children, our neighbors, our pets, our water and our birds.
Fifteen million birds are estimated to die each year from pesticide contamination. A 2013 study implicated it as the “most likely leading cause” of declining numbers of grassland birds, which are likely exposed to agricultural pesticides. Seven million birds are thought to die from lawn chemicals alone, but because dead birds are rarely recovered, these numbers are surely much higher.
Kateri Kosek is a member of the Waterman Bird Club.
How Can I Dispose Of Pesticides
When purchasing a pesticide, try to buy only as much as you need to avoid having leftover product to dispose. If you do need to store unused pesticides, ensure that they are placed in a secure location, out of the reach of children and pets. Never store pesticides in a container other than the original container and never re-use empty pesticide containers.
To dispose of pesticides, small quantities of unused products and empty containers may be wrapped in several layers of newspaper and disposed of in the household garbage. Never burn or pour pesticides down the drain.
You may also contact municipal officials for information on hazardous waste disposal facilities.
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Should I Fertilize Or Kill Weedsfirst
Apply weed killer before fertilizer, becauseweed killer stresses plants somewhat, and the fertilizer will help themrecover. You can apply fertilizer within days of using a weed killer, or youcan even apply the two products on the same day. Just wait at least 30 minutesafter treating with weed killer before applying fertilizer. If the weeds havebeen particularly difficult to kill, you may wish to wait until they are deadfrom the weed killer before applying fertilizer.
Is It Safe To Use The Herbicide 24
Following extensive consultation and scientific review using the most current scientific methods, Health Canada has determined that 2,4-D meets Canada’s strict health and safety standards, and as such can be used safely when label directions are followed. Health Canada’s review concurs with the findings of regulators in other OECD countries, including the United States, European Union, New Zealand and the World Health Organization.
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Folklore Pesticide Recipes: Organic But Unproven
If mainstream insecticides are out, whats in?
When looking up the best natural, nonharmful pesticides , you will find a wealth of homemade pesticide remedies.
No doubt: Many plants have insecticidal qualities. That has led to a host of popular concoctions of dish soap, vegetable oil, cayenne pepper and essential oils, passed around enthusiastically on the internet. They sound like eco-friendly ways to deal with garden pests and avoid chemical pesticides. But theres one problem: Little evidence says they work well in pest management.
Claims of effectiveness tend to be anecdotal. For every gardener who says liquid soap slew the spider mites on the begonias, youll find another who confesses the neighborhood lizards found croton leaves even more delicious after a garlic spray.
Luckily for homeowner and newbie organic gardeners, there are recommended organic, natural insecticides professionals rely on. Theyre used by organic lawn care specialists and organic farmers who must get their fields certified as organic.
If you do have that dream of a stunning lawn that you could certify organic, know that its possible with two provably effective organic pesticides that even the USDA would accept under organic certification standards: neem oil and diatomaceous earth. And yes they work.